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KRASen - Environmental effects and karst water sources: impacts, vulnerability and adaptation of land use

Financial source:   Slovenian Research Agency(ARRS)

Code: J6-8266

Period: 1.5.2017 - 30.4.2020

 

 

 

 

Abstract

Changes to environmental conditions as a result of natural factors and direct or indirect human activity can significantly affect the water cycle. The long-term effects of the diminution of water stocks and the short-term effects of increasingly frequent extreme events (floods and droughts) in the future are also predicted by long-term meteorological and hydrological data trends and simulations. Owing to the particular characteristics of groundwater flow and the dynamic of hydrological processes, aquifers with karst porosity are especially vulnerable to the effects of various environmental changes. Environmental changes represent both a threat and a challenge, particularly for the proper spatial development of karst-rich areas. The purpose of the project is to examine the impact of environmental changes on karst aquifers, to evaluate their vulnerability and prepare proposals for an appropriate adjustment of land use to these changes and the management of karst water sources. The key objective of the project is to develop an innovative concept of spatial planning adapted to environmental changes and management of karst water sources.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Content and programme of work

 

WP 1: Management and coordination of the project (UIRS)
A. 1.1: Project management and reporting
A. 1.2: Communication among partners
WP 2: Creation of a knowledge base
A. 2.1: Selection of representative springs for detailed studies and forecasts
A. 2.2: Creation of a database of previous hydrogeological and karstological studies
A. 2.3: Overview of the state of land use and the use and protection of water sources
WP 3: Quantitative evaluation of selected karst water sources
A. 3.1: Analysis of characteristic discharge trends and projections
A. 3.2: Comparison with precipitation, evapotranspiration and air temperature trends
A. 3.3: Comparison with changes of land use in catchments
WP 4: Qualitative evaluation of selected karst water sources
A 4.1: Analysis of quality trends of selected karst water sources
A 4.2: Detailed monitoring of water quality during extreme hydrological events
A 4.3: Simulation of contamination during extreme events by means of artificial tracer tests
WP 5: Impacts of environmental changes on karst water sources and ecosystems and effects on the spatial development
A 5.1: Evaluation of environmental changes impacts on karst water sources and ecosystems
A 5.2: Assessment of the spatial development and selected economic sectors vulnerability
WP 6: Concept of adaptation of spatial planning to environmental changes
A 6.1: Role of karst aquifers in flood attenuation and base flow maintenance
A 6.2: Consequences of extreme hydrological events on aquifers, habitats and spatial development
A 6.3: Elaboration of concept of adaptation of spatial planning to environmental changes
WP 7: Awareness-raising and knowledge transfer
A 7.1: Presentation of key starting points and results of the project to the wider public
A 7.2: Presentation activities for target groups of the general public

 

WP/A 3 6 9 12 15 18 21 24 27 30 33 36
WP 1 Management and coordination of the project (UIRS)
A 1.1                        
A 1.2                        
WP 2 Creation of a knowledge base
A 2.1                        
A 2.2                        
A 2.3                        
WP 3 Quantitative evaluation of selected karst water sources
A 3.1                        
A 3.2                        
A 3.3                        
WP 4 Qualitative evaluation of selected karst water sources
A 4.1                        
A 4.2                        
A 4.3                        

WP 5

Impacts of environmental changes on karst water sources and ecosystems and effects on the spatial development
A 5.1                        
A 5.2                        
WP 6 Concept of adaptation of spatial planning to environmental changes
A 6.1                        
A 6.2                        
A 6.3                        
WP 7 Awareness-raising and knowledge transfer
A 7.1                        
A 7.2                        

 

 

 

 

 

Project Results

 

1.01 Izvirni znanstveni članek

1. RAVBAR N. et al. 2021: Determination of inundation areas within karst poljes and intermittent lakes for the purposes of ephemeral flood mapping. Hydrogeol. J doi: 10.1007/s10040-020-02268-x [COBISS.SI-ID 41163779]

2. KOVAČIČ G. et al. 2020: Evaluation and Qualification of the Effects of Climate and Vegetation Cover Change on Karst Water Sources : Case Studies of Two Springs in South-Western Slovenia. Water doi: 10.3390/w12113087 [COBISS.SI-ID 35802883]

3. KAUFMANN G. et al. 2020: Understanding the temporal variation of flow direction in a complex karst system (Planinska Jama, Slovenia). Acta carsol. doi: 10.3986/ac.v49i2-3.7373 [COBISS.SI-ID 46222595]

4. PETRIČ M. et al. 2020: Determining the directions and characteristics of underground water flow in karst for the purpose of traffic routes construction : the case of the new Divača-Koper railway line (SW Slovenia). Acta carsol. doi: 10.3986/ac.v49i1.8582 [COBISS.SI-ID 35064579]

5. SKOK S. et al. 2020: Antimicrobial resistant Escherichia coli from karst waters, surfaces and bat guano in Slovenian caves. Acta carsol. doi: 10.3986/ac.v49i2-3.9103. [COBISS.SI-ID 46221571]

6. KOVAČIČ G. & RUPNIK T. 2019: Kakovostno stanje Rakiškega stržena po obnovi Centralne čistilne naprave Postojna. Geografski vestnik doi: 10.3986/GV91203 [COBISS.SI-ID 1541974212]

7. MAYAUD C. et al. 2019: Understanding flooding in poljes : a modelling perspective. J. of Hydrol. doi: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2019.04.092 [COBISS.SI-ID 44973357]

1.08 Objavljeni znanstveni prispevek na konferenci

8. RAVBAR N. et al. 2018: High waters study of a classical karst polje - an example of the Planinsko Polje, SW Slovenia. V: MILANOVIĆ S. (ur.), STEVANOVIĆ Z. (ur.). Proceedings of the International Sympsium KARST 2018 "Expect the Unexpected", 06-09 June 2018, Trebinje [COBISS.SI-ID 43537197]

9. GULIČ A. 2020: Coastal area of Slovenia : traversing spaces and intertwining processes between land and sea. V: ĐORĐEVIĆ, Aleksandar (ur.). Zbornik radova. Beograd [COBISS.SI-ID 45373187]

10. GULIČ A. 2020: Sustainable spatial development of coastal areas: : challenges and explanations of the current situation in Slovenia. V: STANIŠIĆ N. (ur.). Sustainable urban development : proceedings, 2. Konferencija o urbanom planiranju i regionalnom razvoju, novi pristupi u strateškom planiranju urbane infrastrukture, Sarajevo, 15. - 16. oktobar 2020, Sarajevo [COBISS.SI-ID 50795779]

1.12 Objavljeni povzetek znanstvenega prispevka na konferenci

11. MAYAUD C. et al. 2020: Assessment of different worst-case flood scenarios for Planinsko Polje (Slovenia). V: EGU General Assembly 2020 : Online : 4-8 May 2020. doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-4926 [COBISS.SI-ID 14925315]

12. RAVBAR N. et al. 2020: Changes in hydrological behaviour : case studies of the Unica and Rižana karst springs, Slovenia. V: EGU General Assembly 2020 : Online : 4-8 May 2020. doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-12961 [COBISS.SI-ID 14929923]

13. SCHELLER M. et al. 2020: Modeling spatial and temporal hydrologic variability of karst vulnerability at a large Slovenian karst aquifer. V: EGU General Assembly 2020 : Online : 4-8 May 2020. doi: 10.5194/egusphere-egu2020-1009 [COBISS.SI-ID 14929411]

14. MAYAUD C. et al. 2018: Understanding flooding in Planinsko Polje (Slovenia). V: The European Bi-annual Conference on the Hydrogeology of Karst and Carbonate Reservoirs, 2-6 Jul. 2018, Besançon, http://www.eurokarst.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Proceedings_Eurokarst2018.pdf [COBISS.SI-ID 43546413]

15. RAVBAR N. et al. 2018: A flood pulse triggered temporal and spatial dynamics of water quality in a binary karst aquifer : example from SW Slovenia. V: The European Bi-annual Conference on the Hydrogeology of Karst and Carbonate Reservoirs, 2-6 Jul. 2018, Besançon, http://www.eurokarst.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/Proceedings_Eurokarst2018.pdf [COBISS.SI-ID 43546669]

2.01 Znanstvena monografija

16. BLATNIK M. et al 2020: Karstology in the classical karst, (Advances in karst science). Springer, doi: 10.1007/978-3-030-26827-5 [COBISS.SI-ID 17912067]

 

 


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www.erico.si

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